Glossary of Rug
A change in
the color of the rug due to a difference in the wool or dye batch.
bath that tones down colors to simulate aging.
carpets woven in France from the 15th to 19th Centuries. They were derived
from Moorish weaving with the assistance of Architects and Artists of the
A mixture of two or more fibers or yarns.
which forms the outside edge of a rug and surrounds the field.
tuft of fibers from a rug may be burned to test for its content. For
example cotton has a vegetable smell when burned. Wool smells faintly like
hair. Silk smells distinctly like human hair when burned.
Cloth Backed Rug
Tufted Rugs, that have a cloth backing.
synthetic dyes. A quality feature because these synthetic dyes use
potassium bichromate to form a permanent bond between the dye and the
Carpet Cushion or Rug Pad
A term used
to describe any kind of material placed under carpet to provide softness
and adequate support when it is walked upon. Carpet cushion provides a
softer feel underfoot. It usually provides added acoustical benefits and
longer wear life for the carpet. Also referred to as "padding" or
"underlay", although "carpet cushion" is the preferred term.
woven rug, dhurries are usually made of cotton or wool in India.
The part of
a rug's design surrounded by the border. The field may be solid or contain
medallions, or an overall pattern.
A Rug that
describes any rug without pile.
combination of warps and wefts in the body of a rug.
ends, or strings, that extend from the end of the rug.
pushed through the back of a canvas cloth and pulled back through to form
like woven rug with flat weave and no pile.
knots per square inch.
of wool yarn individually hand tied around the warp string, which forms
the face and body of oriental rugs. Most hand woven rugs have a wool pile,
however; some rugs have silk pile as well as combinations of wool and
silk. Flat weaves do not have a pile.
carpet pile or cushion to recover original thickness after being subjected
to compressive forces or crushing under traffic.
having a high luster, usually produced by a special chemical washing.
mechanically assisted technique for manufacturing rugs in which tufts of
wool are punched through base fabric to color in a silk screen design
painted on the base. The back of the base is then painted with thick Latex
glue and covered with a sacking material.
dyes produced from berries, roots and bark. They are not as colorfast as
Yarn that runs entirely from the top of the loom to the bottom to form the
foundation of the rugs which appears, when the rug is finished, as the
fringe at both ends of the rug.
are woven across the warp of a rug. These threads run the width (side to
side) of the rug, between the rows of knots, and help to hold the rug
Automated looms popular for producing authentic Oriental rug designs.
is spun into yarn, it is combed, then worsted to improve its quality by
leaving only the longer pieces of fiber for final spinning. It is used for
more intricate patterns.